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Last updated 11 May 2007 [58 journal entries added].

Works by Raymond Carver

Carver, Raymond. All of Us: The Collected Poems. ed. William L. Stull. News York: Vintage, 2000.

- - -. A New Path to the Waterfall. New York: Atlantic Monthly, 1989.

- - -. At Night the Salmon Move. Santa Barbara: Capra, 1976.

- - -. Call If You Need Me: The Uncollected Fiction and Otheer Prose. Ed. William L. Stull. New York: Vintage, 2001.

- - -. Cathedral. New York: Knopf, 1983.

- - -. Elephant and Other Stories. London: Collins Harvill, 1988.

- - -. Fires. Santa Barbara: Capra, 1983; New York: Vintage, 1984; New York: Vintage Contemporaries, 1989.

- - -. Furious Seasons and Other Stories. Santa Barbara: Capra, 1977.

- - -. If It Please You. Northridge, CA: Lord John, 1984.

- - -. In a Marine Light: Selected Poems. London: Collins Harvill, 1987.

- - -. My Father's Life. Derry, NH: Babcock & Koontz, 1986.

- - -. Near Klamath. Sacramento: English Club of Sacramento State College, 1968.

- - -. No Heroics, Please: Uncollected Writings. London: Collins Harvill, 1991; New York: Vintage Contemporaries, 1992.

- - -. Put Yourself in My Shoes. Santa Barbara: Capra, 1974.

- - -. The Pheasant. Worcester, MA: Metacom, 1982.

- - -. The Stories of Raymond Carver. London: Picador, 1985.

- - -. Those Days: Early Writings by Raymond CarverCarver. Elmwood, CT: Raven, 1987.

- - -. Two Poems. Salisbury, MD: Scarab, 1982.

- - -. Two Poems . Concord, NH: Ewert, 1986.

- - -. What We Talk About When We Talk About Love. New York: Knopf, 1981.

- - -. Where I'm Calling From: New and Selected Stories. New York: Atlantic Monthly, 1988; Franklin Center, PA: Franklin Library, 1988.

- - -. Where Water Comes Together with Other Water. New York: Random House, 1985.

- - -. Will You Please Be Quiet, Please?. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976.

- - -. Winter Insomnia. Santa Cruz: Kayak, 1970.

- - -. Ultramarine. New York: Random House, 1986.

Carver, Raymond with Shannon Ravenel. (Eds.) The Best American Short Stories 1986. Boston: Houghton Miflin, 1986.

Carver, Raymond and Tess Gallagher. Dostoevsky: A Screenplay. Santa Barbara: Capra, 1985.

Carver, Raymond and Tom Jenks. (Eds.) American Short Story Masterpieces. New York: Delacorte, 1987.

Works by others

Aarons, Victoria. "Variance of Imagination."The Literary Review 27, No. 1 (Fall 1983): 147-152.

Aldridge, John W. Talents and Technicians: Literary Chic and the New Assembly-Line Fiction. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1992.

Alves, Amelia Maria Fernandes. "Displacement in Raymond Carver's Stories." Dissertation: George Washington Univ., 1996.

Arias-Misson, Alain. "Absent Talker," Partisan Review Vol. XLIX, No. 4 (1982): 625-628.

Atlas, James. "Less Is Less."The Atlantic 247, No. 6 June 1981): 96-98.

Azcona, M. Mar. "Making Sense of a Multi-Protagonist Film: Audience Response Research and Robert Altman's Short Cuts (1993)." Miscelanea: A Journal of English and American Studies, 32 (2005): 11-22.

Banks, Russell. "Raymond Carver: Our Stephen Crane." Atlantic Monthly (August 1991): 99-103.

- - -. "A Dyspeptic View of Nineties Fiction." Atlantic Monthly (May 1992): 120-27.

Barth, John. "A Few Words About Minimalism." Weber Studies 4/2 (Fall 1987): 5-14.

Berland, Lauren. "America, 'Fat," the Fetus." Boundary 2 (1994): 157-165.

Bethea, Arthur F. "Carver's 'Rhodes" Explicator 63/2 (Winter 2006): 114-117.

- - -. "Carver's 'Wes Hardin: From a Photograph" and 'A Small, Good Thing.'" Explicator 57/3 (Spring 1999): 176-79.

- - -. "Carver's 'Will You Please Be Quiet, Please?'" Explicator 56/3 (Spring 1998): 132-35.

- - -. "Now This Is Affirmation of Life: Raymond Carver's Posthumously Published Stories." Journal of the Short Story in English 46 (2006): 89-106.

- - -. "'Poseidon and Company': Raymond Carver's Nod to Homer." Notes on Contemporary Literature 31/4 (September 2001): 6-8.

- - -. "Raymond Carver: A Study of the Pre-Cathedral Prose and Poetry." DAI 57/10 (April 1997): 4366. Ohio Univ.

- - -. Technique and Sensibility in the Fiction and Poetry of Raymond Carver. New York: Routledge, 2001.

- - -. "The Critical Farce about Farce (and Irony) in Raymond Carver's Fiction." Notes on Contemporary Literature 31/1 (January 2001): 7-10.

Birkenstein, Jeffery Kenneth. "Raymond Carver's Stories: Essentialist, Not Minimalist." MA Thesis. California State U, 1999.

Boddy, Kasia. "Companion-Souls of the Short Story: Anton Chekov and Raymond Carver." Scottish-Slavonic Review 18 (Spring 1992): 105-12.

- - -. "Short Cuts and Long Shots: Raymond Carver's Stories and Robert Altman's Films." Journal of American Studies 34/1 (2000): 1-22.

Boxer, David, and Cassandra Phillips. "Will You Please Be Quiet, Please? Voyeurism, Dissociation, and the Art of Raymond Carver." Iowa Review 10.3 (1980): 75-90.

Bramlett, Frank and David Raabe. "Redefining Intimacy: Carver and Conversation."narrative 12:2 (May 2004): 178-194.

Brown, Arthur A. "Raymond Carver and Postmodern Humanism." Critique 31.2 (Wint 1990): 125-136.

Bruyere, Claire. "Sherwood Anderson and Raymond Carver: Poets of the Losers." Winesburg Eagle: The Official Publication of the Sherwood Anderson Society 22:1 (1997): 3-6.

Bugeja, Michael J. "Tarnish and Silver: An Analysis of Carver's Cathedral." South Dakota Review 24.3 (Autm 1986): 73-87.

Bullock, Chris J. "From Castle to Cathedral: The Architecture of Masculinity in Raymond Carver's 'Cathedral'." Journal of Men's Studies (May 1994): 343-51.

Burgin, Richard. "Beyond Minimalism." Rev. of Where I'm Calling From, by Raymond Carver. Partisan Review 57 (1990): 160-63.

Campbell, Ewing. "Raymond Carver's Therapeutics of Passion." Journal of the Short Story in English 16 (Sprg 1991): 9-18.

- - -. Raymond Carver: A Study of the Short Fiction. NY: Twayne, 1992. PS3553 .A7894 Z58

Carlin, Warren. "Just Talking: Raymond Carver's Symposium." Cross Currents 38.1 (Sprg 1988): 87.92.

Champion, Laurie. "'What's to Say': Silence in Raymond Carver's 'Feathers.'" Studies in Short Fiction 34 (1997): 193-201.

Chenetier, Marc. "Living On/Off the Reserve: Performance, Interrogation,and Negativity in the Works of Raymond Carver." Critical Angles: European Views of Contemporary American Literature. Ed. Marc Chenetier. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1986. 164-90.

Clark, Miriam M. "After Epiphany: American Stories in the Postmodern Age." Style 27 (1993): 387-94.

- - -. "Raymond Carver's Monologic Imagination." Modern Fiction Studies 37.2 (Sumr 1991): 240-47.

Clarke, Graham. "Investing the Glimpse: Raymond Carver and the Syntax of Silence." The New American Writing: Essays on American Literature Since 1970. Ed. Grham Clark. New York: St. Martin's, 1990. 99-122.

Cochrane, Hamilton E. "Taking the Cure: Alcoholism and Recovery in the Fiction of Raymond Carver." University of Dayton Review 20/1 (Summer 1989):79-88.

Coles, Robert. "Teaching Raymond Carver." American Poetry Review 22/1 (January/February 1993): 23-25.

Cornwell, Gareth. "Mediated Desire and American Disappointment in the Stories of Raymond Carver." Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction 46:4 (Summer 2005): 344-356.

Coulthard, A. R. "Daddy Dearest: Raymond Carver's 'Photograph of My Father in His Twenty-Second Year.'"Notes on Contemparary Literature, 34:2 (March 2002): 61-75.

Cushman, Keith. "Blind Intertextual Love: 'The Blind Man' and Raymond Carver's 'Cathedral.'" D. H. Lawrence's Literary Inheritors. Eds. Keith Cushman and Dennis Jackson. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991. 155-66.

Dana, Robert. "Carver Country: An Ikonography of the Beloved." The North American Review 277/2 (March/April 1992): 42-43.

- - -. "In the Labyrinth: Poetry as Prose; Prose as Poetry." North American Review 275.3 (1990): 72-80.

Decker, Christof. "Faces in the Mirror: Raymond Carver and the Intricacies of Looking."Amerikastudien/american Studies, 49:1 (2004): 35-49.

Deemer, Charles. "Short Cuts: The Los Angelesation of Raymond Carver." Creative Screenwriting. 4/3 (Fall 1997): 11-17.

Demory, Pamela. "'It's About seeing . . . ' : Representations of the Female Body in Robert Altman's 'Short Cuts' and Raymond Carver's Stories."Pacific Coast Philology, Vol 39, No. 1 (1999): 96-105.

Doherty, Paul C. "A Note on the Function of Language in 'Cathedral.'" Religion and the Arts2/3 (1998): 337-42.

Donahue, Peter J. "Alcoholism as Ideology in Raymond Carver's 'Careful' and 'Where I'm Calling From'." Extrapolation 32.1 (Sprg 1991): 54-63.

Downes, Margaret J. "Narrativity, Myth, and Metaphor: Louise Erdrich and Raymond Carver Talk about Love." MELUS 21.2 (Sumr 1996): 49-61.

Duffy, Edward. "Word of God in Some Raymond Carver Stories." Religion and the Arts2/3 (1998): 311-36.

Eck, Jonathan Daniel. "An Aesthetics of 'Idealized Human Desire' and an Ethos of Human Communication, Communion, and Personal Growth: A Reading of Raymond Carver's Stories as Semiopen Texts." Dissertation: Michigan State U, 1998.

Engel, Monroe. "Knowing More Than One Imagines; Imagining More Than One Knows," Agni31-32 (1990): 167-175.

Fachard, Vasiliki. "Introduction." Journal of the Short Story in English 46 (2006): 19-29.

- - -. "It Doesn't Take a Tolstoy: Raymond Carver's 'Put Yourself in my Shoes.'" Journal of the Short Story in English 46 (2006): 43-62.

- - -. "What More Than Rita Can We Make of Carver's Parts in 'Fat'?" Journal of the Short Story in English 33 (1999): 25-48.

Facknitz, Mark A. R. "Missing the Train: Raymond Carver's Sequel to John Cheever's 'The Five-Forty_eight.'" Studies in Short Fiction 22.3 (Summer 1985): 345-347.

- - -. "Raymond Carver and the Menace of Minimalism." CEA Critic 52/1-2 (Fall 1989-Winter 1990): 62-73.

- - -. "'The Calm,' 'A Small, Good Thing,' and 'Cathedral': Raymond Carver and the Rediscovery of Human Worth." Studies in Short Fiction 23.3 (Summerr 1986): 287-296.

Farrell, Tyler J. "From Miscommunication to Communion: Raymond Carver's Progression from 'The Bath' to 'A Small, Good Thing.'" MA Thesis. Creighton U, 1997.

Foley, Michael. "Dirty Realist."London Review of Books May 2 to May 8, 1985: 12.

Fontana, Ernest L. "Insomnia in Raymond Carver's Fiction." Studies in Short Fiction 26/4 (Fall 1989): 447-51.

Gallagher, Tess. Soul Barnacles: Ten More Years with Ray. Ed. Greg Simon. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 2000.

- - -. "'Yet Why Not Say What Happened?': Raymond Carver's Last Poems, A New Path to the Waterfall." American Poetry Review 18.3 (May-Jun 1989): 43-46.

Galliah, Shelley Anne. "'The World Is Too Much With Us': The Struggle to Transcend Limits in the Work of Raymond Carver." MA Thesis Dalhousie U, 1993.

Gearhart, Michael W. "Breaking the Ties That Bind: Inarticulation in the Fiction of Raymond Carver." Studies in Short Fiction 26.4 (Fall 1989): 439-46.

Gentry, Marshall B. "Women's Voices in Stories by Raymond Carver." CEA-Critic 56.1 (Fall 1993): 86-95.

- - -, and William L. Stull. Eds. Conversations with Raymond Carver. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1990.

German, Norman, and Jack Bedell. "Physical and Social Laws in Ray Carver's 'Popular Mechanics'." Critique 29.4 (Sumr 1988): 257-60.

Gomez-Vega, Ibis. "Urban Violence and Failed Myths in Raymond Carver's 'What We Talk About When We talk About Love" Short Story 12:2 (Fall 2004): 71-83.

Goodheart, Eugene. "Raymond Carver's Cathedral" in Pieces of Resistance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. 162-166.

Gorra, Michael. "Laughter and Bloodshed." Hudson Review Vol. XXXVII, No. 1(Spring 1984): 151-164.

Graham, Peter W. "Metapathograohy: Three Unruly Texts."Literature and Medicine, 16, No. 1 (spring 1997): 70-87.

Hallett, Cynthia W. Minimalism and the Short Story: Raymond Carver, Amy Hempel, and Mary Robison. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1999.

- - -. "Minimalism and the Short Story." Studies in Short Fiction 33 (Fall 1996): 487-95.

Halpert, Sam. Raymond Carver: An Oral Biography. Iowa City: U of Iowa P, 1995.

- - -. When We Talk About Raymond Carver. Layton, UT: Peregrine Smith, 1991.

Hankinson, Stacie Lynn. "What Raymond Carver Writes About When He Writes About Love." MA Thesis. San Diego State U. 1991.

Harbaugh, Jim. "Literature (and Other Arts): What We talk About When We Talk About Spirituality and Recovery." Dionysos 11/1 (2001): 35-46.

Haslam, Thomas J. "'Where I'm Calling From': A Textual and Critical Study." Studies in Short Fiction 29.1 (Wint 1992): 57-65.

Hathcock, Nelson. "'The Possibility of Resurrection': Re-Vision in Carver's 'Feathers' and 'Cathedral'." Studies in Short Fiction 28.1 (Wint 1991): 31-39.

Heath, Laura Heather. "Carving Raymond Carver: How an Esquire Editor Influenced the Minimalist Movement." MA Thesis. Indiana U, 1998.

Henning, Barbara. "Minimalism and the American Dream: 'Shiloh' by Bobbie Ann Mason and 'Preservation' by Raymond Carver." Modern Fiction Studies 35/4 (Winter 1989): 31-39.

Hiber, Amanda Joy. "Size Matters."Clackamas Literary review, 8 (2004): 32-37.

Horn, Nicholas. "Seeing Double: The Two Lives of Raymond Carver." A-B: Auto-Biography Studies 13.2 (Fall 1998): 271-97.

Hornby, Nick. Contemporary American Fiction. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991. 35-50.

Howe, Irving. "Stories of Our Loneliness."The New York Times Book Review, September 11, 1983: 1, 42-43.

Houston, Robert. "A Stunning Inarticulateness."The Nation 233, No. 1 (4 July 1981): 23-25.

Hughes, Kirk T. "Ethics in the First Person: New American Confessions by Carver, Wojnarowicz, and Winfrey." Dissertation. U of Pennsylvania, 1997.

Jett, Kevin W. "Rethinking Raymond Carver's Use of Metaphor in 'Popular Mechanics.'" Notes on Contemporary Literature, 34:3 (May 2004): 5-6.

Johnson, Charles. "Writing that Will Be 'Around for a Time,'"Los Angeles Times Book Review August 21, 1988: 9, 11.

Johnson, Greg. "Three Contemporary Masters: Brodkey, Carver, Dubus." The Georgia Review 43/4 (Winter 1989): 784-94.

Johnson, Robert. "'Where I'm Caliling From': Inside the Loop." Journal of the Short Story in English 33 (Autumn 1999): 49-57.

Just, Daniel. "The Novel and Its Other: A Study of Genres in Narative Minimalism." Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences, 66:4 (October 2005): 1347. [Dissertation abstract]

Kane, Thomas H. "The Deaths of Authors: Literary Celebrity and Automortography in Acker, Bartheleme, Buckowski,and Carver's Last Acts." Lit: Literature Interpretation Theory, 15;4 (Oct-dec 2004): 409-443.

Kelly, Lionel. "Anton Chekov and Raymond Carver: A Writer's Strategy of Reading." Yearbook of English Studies 26 (1996): 218-31.

Kemper, Theresa Ann. "Raymond Carver's Poetry: A Window to the Soul." MA Thesis. Sand Diego State U, 1995.

Kennedy, J. Gerald. "From Anderson's Winesburg to Carver's Cathedral: The Short Story Sequence and the Semblance of Community." Modern American Short Story Sequences: Composite Fictions and Fictive Communities. Cambridge UP, 1995. 194-215.

Kennedy, John Patrick. "Alientation in Raymond Carver's What We Talk About When We talk About Love and Cathedral." MA Project. U of Dayton, 1987.

Kleppe, Sandra Lee. "Four More Priamels in the Poetry of Raymond Carver." Classical and Modern Literature, 24.1 (Spring 2004): 61-75.

- - -. "Medical Humanism in the Poetry of Raymond Carver." Journal of Medical Humanities. Vol. 27, No. 1 (Spring 2006): 39-55.

- - -. "Postcard from Raymond Carver's Northwest." in Performances. [Publisher, date??] ed. Vidar Pederson and Zelika Svrlijuga. 139-143.

- - -. "Women and Violence in the Works of Raymond Carver." Journal of the Short Story in English, 46 (2006): 107-128.

Knudsen, Karin. "American 'Minimalist' Prose in the 1980's: A Study of the Short Stories of Raymond Carver." MA Thesis. The City Coll, City U of New York, 1992.

Kuzma, Greg. "Ultramarine: Poems that Almost Stop the Heart." Michigan Quarterly Review 27/2 (Spring 1988): 355-63.

Lainsbury, G. P. "The Carver Chronotope: Contextualizing Raymond Carver." DAI 58/5 (Novemeber 1997): 1710. Simon Fraser U.

- - -. The Carver Chronotope: Inside the Life-World of Raymond Carver's Fiction. New York: Routledge, 2004.

- - -. "A Critical Context for the Carver Chronotope." Canadian Review of American Studies 27/1 (1997): 77-91.

Le Claire, Thomas. "Fiction Chronicle: January to June, 1981."Contemporary Literature 23, No. 1 (Winter 1982): 83-91.

Lehman, Daniel W. "Raymond Carver's Management of Symbol." Journal of the Short Story in English 17 (Autm 1991): 43-58.

- - -. Symbolic Significance in the Stories of Raymond Carver." Journal of the Short Story in English 46 (2006): 75-88.

Leypoldt, Guenther. "Reconsideering raymond Carver's development: The Revisions of 'So Much Water So Close to Home.'" Contemporay Literature, Vol 43 No. 2 (Summer 2002): 317-341.

Lohafer, Susan. Reading for Storyness: Preclosure Theory, Empirical Poetics and Culture in the Short Story. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 2003.

Lonnquist, Barbara C. "Narrative Displacement and Literary Faith: Raymond Carver's Inheritance from Flannery O'Connor." Since Flannery O'Connor: Essays on the Contemporary American Short Story. Eds. Loren Logsdon and Charles W. Mayer. Macomb: Western Illinois UP, 1987. 142-50.

Magee, John. "Carver's 'Chef's House.'" Explicator 55/2 (Winter 1997): 111-12.

- - -. "Carver's 'They're Not Your Husband.'" Explicator 53/3 (Spring 1995): 180-81.

Malamet, Elliott. "Raymond Carver and the Fear of Narration." Journal of the Short Story in English 17 (Autm 1991): 59-74.

Maniez, Claire. "Quote-Unquote: Raymond Carver and Metafiction." Journal of the Short Story in English 33 (Autumn 1999): 9-23.

Mars-Jones, Adam. "Words for the Walking Wounded," The Times Literary Supplement No. 412, January 22, 1982: 76.

Matsouka, Naomi. "Murakami Haruki and Raymond Carver: The American Scene." Comparative Literature Studies 30 (1993): 423-38.

Max, D. T. "The Carver Chronicles." New York Times Magazine Aug 9, 1998: 34+.

May, Charles E. "Do You See What I'm Saying?: The Inadequqcey of Explanation and the Uses of Story in the Short Fiction of Raymond Carver." Yearbook of English Studies 31 (2001): 39-49.

- - -. "Putting Yourself in the Shoes of Raymond Carver." Journal of the Short Story in English 46 (2006): 31-42.

- - -. "Reality in the Modern Short Story." Style 27 (1993): 377-378.

- - -. The Short Story: The Reality of Artifice. New York: Twayne, 1995. 92-97, 104-106.

Mennega, Daniel E. "Raymonc Carver and Postmodernism." MA Thesis, Baylor U, 1999.

Meyer, Adam. "Now You See Him, Now You Don't, Now You Do Again: The Evolution of Raymond Carver's Minimalism." Critique 30.4 (Summer 1989): 239-51.

- - -. Raymond Carver. NY: Twayne, 1995. PS3553 .A7894 Z77

Mirarchi, Steve. "Conditions of Possibility: Religious Revision in Raymond Carver's 'Cathedral.'" Religion and the Arts 2/3 (1998): 299-310.

Miltner, Robert F. "Sounds Like the Story of a Life: The Poetry of Raymond Carver." Dissertation, Kent State U, 1998.

Mullen, Bill. "A Subtle Spectacle: Televisual Culture in the Short Stories of Raymond Carver." Critique 39/2 (Winter 1998): 99-114.

Nayman, Ira. "The Final Stitich: Raymond Carver and Metaphor." Profils-Americain 4 (1993): 21-27.

Nesset, Kirk. "Insularity and Self Enlargement in Raymond Carver's Cathedral." Essays in Literature 21.1 (Sprg 1994): 116-28.

- - -. The Stories of Raymond Carver: A Critical Study. Athens: Ohio UP, 1995.

- - -. "'The Word Love': Sexual Politics and Silence in Early Raymond Carver." American Literature 63.2 (Jun 1991): 292-313.

Nocera, Gigliola. "Raymond Carver's America profonda." Journal of the Short Story in English 46 (2006): 165-182.

Nussey, Kent. "Raymond Carver revisited." Brick 68 (Fall 2001): 102-10.

Palakeel, Thomas. "Third World Short Story as national Allegory?" Journal Modern Literature 20 (1996): 100.

Pieters, Jurgen. A Shred of Platinum: THe Aesthetics of Raymond Carver's Will You Please Be Quiet Please and What We Talk About When We Talk About Love. Gent: Seminarie voor Duitse Taalkunde, 1992.

Plath, James. "'After the Denim' and 'After the Storm': Raymond Carver Comes to Terms with the Hemingway Influence." Hemingway Review 13.2 (Sprg 1994): 37-51.

- - -. "When Push Come to Pull: Raymond Carver and the Popular Mechanics of Divorce." Notes on Contemporary Literature 20/3 (May 1990): 2-4.

Pope, Dan. "The Post-Minimalist American Short Story or What Comes after Carver?" Gettysburg Review 1.2 (1988): 331-42.

Powell, John Gaylan. "Raymond Carver and the Aesthetics of Menace: Theme and Technique in the Short Stories and Poetry." DAI 56/12 (June 1996): 4775. U of Southwestern Louisiana.

- - -. The Stories of Raymond Carver: The Menace of Perpetual Uncertainty." Studies in Short Fiction 31 (1994): 647-56.

Raabe, David. "Carver's 'A Serious Talk.'"Explicator, 62:4 (Summer 12004): 238-242.

Raffel, Stanely. "Imagination."Human Studies: A Journal for Philosphy and the Social Sciences, 27:3 (2004): 207-220.

Robinson, Marilynne. "Marriage and Other Astonishing Bonds." The New York Times Book Review, May 15, 1988. 1, 35, 40-1.

Rubins, Josh. "Small Expectations."The New York Times Review of Books XXX, No. 18 (24 Nov. 1983): 40-42

Runyon, Randolph. "Altman's Short Cuts: Three Unacknowledged Sources." Q/W/E/R/T/Y: Arts, Littératures & Civilisations du Monde Anglophone (Université de Pau), 9 (Oct. 1999): 163-67.

- - -. "Dreams and Other Connections among Carver's Recoveered Stories." Journal of the Short Story in English 46 (2006): 63-74.

- - -. Reading Raymond Carver. Syracuse: Syracuse UP, 1992.

Rushdie, Salman. "Raymond Carver."Imaginary Homelands: Essays and Criticism 1981-1991., London: Granta Books, 1991. 340-342.

Saltzman, Arthur M. Understanding Raymond Carver. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 1988.

Sawyer, David. "'Yet Why Not Say What Happened?' Boundaries of the Self in Raymond Carver's Fiction and Robert Altman's Short Cuts." Blurred Boundaries: Critical Essays on American Literature, Lanaguage, and Culture Eds. Klaus H. Schmidt and David Sawyer. Frakfurt: Peter Lang, 1996. 195-219.

Schweizer, Harold. "On Waiting and Hoping in Raymond Carver's 'A Small Good Thing.'" Journal of the Short Story in English 46 (2006): 139-146.

- - -. "The Very Short Stories of Raymond Carver." College Literature 21.2 (Jun 1994): 126-31.

Scobie, Brian. "Carver Country." Forked Tongues? Comparing Twentieth-Century British and American Literature. Eds. Ann Massa and Alsitair Stead. New York: Longman, 1995. 273-87.

Scofield, Martin. "Closer to Home: Carver versus Altman." Studies in Short Fiction 33 (1996): 387-99.

- - -. "Negative Pastoral: The Art of Raymond Carver's Stories." The Cambridge Quarterly. 23/3 (1994): 243-62.

- - -. "Story and History in Raymond Carver." Critique 40.3 (Sprg 1999): 266-80.

Scott, A. O. "Looking for Raymond Carver." The New York Times Review of Books (12 August 1999): 52-59.

Shute, Kathleen W. "Finding the Words: The Struggle for Salvation in the Fiction of Raymond Carver." Hollins Critic 24.5 (Dec 1987): 1-10.

Siebert, Hilary. "Houses of Identity: Inhabiting and Emeging from Despair." Journal of the Short Story in English 46 (2006): 129-138.

- - -. "'Outside History': Lyrical Knowledge in the Discourse of the Short Story." Creative and Critical Approaches to the Short Story. Ed. Noel Harold Simmons, Jr., Edwin Mellen Press, 1997. 35-45.

Simmons, Phillip E. "Minimalist Fiction as 'Low' Postmoderinsm: Mass Culture and the Search for History." Genre 34 (1991): 45-62.

Skenazy, Paul. "Life in Limbo: Ray Carver's Fiction." Enclitic 11/1 (Fall 1988): 77-83.

Snyder, Megan D. "Author as Ethnographer: The Merging of Genres in Raymond Carver's and Thomas Pynchon's Texts." Dissertation. U of Alaska, Fairbanks, 1999.

Soltaroff, Ted. "Raymond Carver: Going Through the Pain." American Poetry Review 18/2 (March/April 1989): 47-49.

Steed, J. P. "Raymond Carver and the Poem as Transistional Object."The Midwest Quarterly, 44, No. 3 (Spring 2003): 309-322.

Stone, Laurie. "Feeling No Pain."VLS, No. 20 (October 1983): 54-55.

Stull, William L. "Beyond Hopelessville: Another Side of Raymond Carver." Philological Quarterly 64.1 (Wint 1985): 1-15.

- - -. "Raymond Carver: A Bibliographical Checklist." American Book Collector 8.1 (Jan 1987): 17-30.

- - -. "Raymond Carver Remembered: Three Early Stories." Studies in Short Fiction 25.4 (Fall 1988): 461-477.

- - -. ed. No Heroics, Please: Uncollected Writings. London: Harvill, 1991.

- - -. "Visions and Revisions." Chariton Review 10/1 (Spring 1984): 80-86.

Stull, William L. and Maureen P. Carroll (Eds.) "Prolegomena to Any Future Carver Studies." Journal of the Short Story in English 46 (2006): 13-18.

- - -. Remembering Ray: A Composite Biography of Raymond Carver. Santa Barbara: Capra Press, 1993.

Szporer, Michael. "Minimalism and the Collapse of the Soviet Empire Style." Mosaic 25 (1992): 132-133.

Thompson-Rumple, Cynthia Gail. "'It's grave, life is, tempered with humor': Counterpoint Humor in Selected Stories of Raymond Carver." MA Thesis. East Carolina U, 1991.

Toolan, Michael. "Discourse Style Makes Viewpoint: The Eamaple of Carver's Narraator in 'Cathedral.'" Twentieth-Century Fiction: From Text to Context. Eds. Peter Verdonk and Jean Jacques Weber. New York: Routledge, 1995. 126-37.

Trussler, Michael. "'Famous Times': Historicity in the Short Fiction of Richard Ford and Raymond Carver." Wascana Review 28/2 (Fall 1994): 35-53.

- - -. "Multiple Voices: The Short Fiction of Donald Barthelme and Raymond Carver." Dissertation. U of Toronto, 1993.

- - -. "The Narrowed Voice: Minimalism and Raymond Carver." Studies in Short Fiction 31.1 (Winter 1994): 23-37.

Tyler, Kathryn Elizabeth. "Communion: Spiritual Affirmation and Intimacy in the Short Fiction of Raymond Carver." MA Thesis. San Diego State U, 1994.

Tysdal, Dan. "Inarticulation and the Figure of Enjoyment: Raymond Carver's Minimalism Meets David Foster Wallace's 'A Radically Condensed History of Postindustrial Life.'"Wascana Review of Contemporary Poetry and Short Fiction, 38:1 (Spring 2003): 66-83.

Vander Weele, Michael. "Raymond Carver and the Language of Desire." Denver Quarterly 22.1 (Summer 1987): 108-22.

Van Hook, David C. "Opening the Window: Language, Metaphor, and Storytelling in Raymond Carver's Where I'm Calling From." MA Thesis. U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1994.

Verhoeven, W. M. "What We Talk About When We Talk about Raymond Carver: Or, Much Ado about Minimalism." Narrative Turns and Minor Genres in Postmodernism. Eds. Theo D'haen and Hans Bertens. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1995. 41-60.

Verley, Claudine. "'Errand,' or Raymond Carver's Realism in a Champagne Cork." Journal of the Short Story in English 46 (2006): 147-164.

- - -. "Narration and Interiority in Raymond Carver's 'Where I'm Calling From.'" Journal of the Short Story in English 13 (August 1989): 91-102.

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Compiled by Steven J. McDermott.